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Warehouses
 

Sector's classified installations

Classification sections: 151026622663 – 183ter
Standard orders: 1510 - 2662 - 2663 - 183 ter



Classified Installations Legislation references

Order of 5 August 2002 relative to accident prevention in permit holding covered warehouses under section 1510.

Circular of 4 February 1987 relative to warehouses (classified installations for environmental protection, section no. 183 ter).

Interpretative note of 17/12/2003 on the accuracy of the classification of classified installations under sections 2660 to 2663 of the nomenclature.

Guide on the application of the ministerial order, on the website of the Ministry for Ecology, Sustainable Development and Spatial Planning.



Context, issues and problems

With the development of exchanges and international trade, companies are increasingly in need of logistics. Significant resources have been implemented to integrate this activity. Thus, several hundred thousand square metres of warehouses are built each year between the country’s main road, rail or water access infrastructures and its largest consumer centres.

In particular, sizeable developments should be pointed out in certain regions (Paris and Ile de France region, at the crossroads of all major road infrastructures, Lyon and the Rhône valley, the ports of Le Havre and Marseille etc.). Numerous intermediate warehouses are also spread over the entire territory.

Accidental risks in warehouses

  • fire (cohabitation of combustible materials and electrical systems for example)
  • explosion (depending on the materials stored)
  • air pollution (fumes from fire)
  • water pollution (extinguishing water)
  • soil pollution depending on the materials stored

Chronic risks:

  • Water and soil pollution: problem of recovering water contaminated by vehicles, handling equipment etc.
  • Noise associated with the traffic of transport vehicles, loading/unloading equipment etc.
  • Integration into the landscape
  • Truck route to the warehouse

Prevention and protection measures:

Urban planning control depending on the hazardous areas: generally, the risk areas identified in risk assessment reports are, for the scenarios demonstrating fatal effects, contained within the boundaries of the warehouse, with the exception of the special cases of warehouses storing toxic or hazardous substances (for example those under the SEVESO Directive).

Buildings designed with the risk of fire in mind (isolating distance from third parties, warehouse partitioned into cells of limited size, cell insulation using fire walls, fireman access roads etc.).

Implementation of fire detection and control resources (fire detectors, smoke detectors, smoke extraction devices, containment of fire areas, hose reels and fire hydrants, water supply, installation of sprinkler systems etc.) to be verified periodically.

Installation of hydrocarbon separators in traffic or parking areas, recovery of extinguishing water, polluted water and waste.

With regard to noise, distancing from housing areas and, if necessary, specific acoustic measures during the design phase. When the warehouse is in operation, implementation of a traffic plan and adapted parking rules, notably during the night etc.



Ongoing actions in the sector

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Useful sites

Engineering techniques: website allowing operators to request specific information on warehouse risks (documents to be ordered).
INERIS: the search engine provides free access to publications on (for example) the evaluation of the thermal and toxic effects of warehouse fires. It even offers a specific page on protection barriers (smoke detectors etc.) with a free link to dedicated publications.
OTUA (technical office for the use of steel) presents free information on warehouse risks and legislation.
French Federation of Insurance Companies (FFSA)
National Prevention and Protection Centre (CNPP).