2Production / disposal2
Decree no. 2005-635 of 30 May 2005 sets the framework within which waste treatment processes are monitored. The new system, which came into force on 1st December 2005, prescribes three types of controls for hazardous waste producers:
- A waste disposal receipt (BSD) issued when producers give their waste to a third party for disposal (collector-carrier, disposal contractor, broker etc.). This receipt contains the available information on the waste batch: tonnage, waste classification in the nomenclature, identity of the producer. It is filled in and signed successively by all those involved until the final treatment facility. The receipt is returned to the producer as proof of waste disposal.
- A chronological record of waste dispatch operations, containing the information from the receipts: identity of the carrier and collection date, identity of the final destination (and intermediate installation when relevant), waste reception date and effective treatment date. The operators of installations processing waste (hazardous or otherwise) must keep a dual record presenting waste input and output. Records should be kept at the disposal of the Inspectorate of classified installations.
- An annual disclosure communicated to the administration by hazardous waste producers (over 10 tons per year). This document sums up the types of waste produced, corresponding quantities and disposal processes. The installations processing hazardous or non-hazardous waste must also declare the quantities received the previous year and treatment operation carried out (disposal or recovery). This disclosure is made on a website created by the Ministry for Ecology, Sustainable Development and Spatial Planning: GEREP (Electronic Management of the Pollutant Emissions Register) www.declarationpollution.ecologie.gouv.fr. This site also enables the facilities concerned by the application of the ministerial order of 24 December 2002 to declare pollutant emissions on line every year (air and water emissions).
This entire system reasserts the principle stated in the environmental code: the producer of the waste is responsible for its proper management until final waste treatment.
The main methods to dispose of hazardous industrial waste are incineration and storage. Two texts regulate these activities: order of 20 September 2002 relative to hazardous waste incineration and co-incineration installations (OJ of 1st December 2002) and order of 30 December 2002 relative to hazardous waste storage (OJ of 16 April 2003).
Regional plans for the disposal of Industrial Waste (PREDIS) organise the involvement of the different stakeholders in defining the region’s requirements (capacity requirements, waste production prevention and management principles etc.). These plans are established under the responsibility of the regional councils by virtue of the “Local democracy” law of 27 February 2002 as part of the decentralisation process.
Half of hazardous waste is treated by the industrial facilities that produce it; the other half is transported to specialised collective centres.