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Abattoirs
 

Sector's classified installations

Nomenclature section: 2210

Standard order: 2210



Classified Installations Legislation references

European legislation: European Parliament and Council Regulation (EC) no. 1774/2002 of 3 October 2002 establishing health requirements applicable to animal by-products for uses other than human consumption
Council Directive 96/61/CE of 24 September 1996 relative to Integrated Pollution Prevention and Control.

National legislation: Environmental code, legislative section book V (law no. 76-663 of 19 July 1976 relative to classified installations for environmental protection). Environmental code, regulatory section book V Title 1.
Order of 29 June 2004 relative to the operational assessment stipulated by amended decree no. 77-1133 of 21 September 1977.
Order of 30 April 2004 relative to the requirements applicable to permit holding classified installations for environmental protection under section no. 2210 “animal slaughtering”
Amended order of 24 December 2002 relative to the annual emissions disclosure of permit holding classified installations.
Circular of 25/07/06 relative to operational assessment
Circular of 06/12/04 relative to operational assessment
Circular of 25/11/03 on the interpretation of European regulation no. 1774/2002 of 3 October 2002 establishing health requirements applicable to animal by-products for uses other than human consumption.
Interpretative circular of regulation 1774/2002 on “animal by-products” of 7/01/03



Context, issues and problems

In the last few years, the number of installations has decreased in the domain of animal and poultry slaughtering, with a concentration of the activity.

Abattoirs are industrial activities which consume water and generate animal by-products, resulting in significant liquid discharge likely to contain organic pollutants.

This liquid wastewater is generally easily treated but raises the issue of the management of the wastewater sludge resulting from its treatment; this sludge is most often spread with the slurry and manure from the installation.

The management of meat by-products (conservation prior to disposal) is also a key issue. The proper management of these by-products must restrict any odour nuisance emission as well as any risk to public health via the liquid wastewater discharged.

Finally, these industries require a sizeable cooling capacity for product conservation and are therefore likely to store ammonia and use air cooling towers, potential legionella disease carriers.



Ongoing actions in the sector

BREF (Best REFerences) document listing the Best Available Techniques (or BAT) for the sector of animal by-product treatment: Reference document on the best available techniques in abattoirs and animal by-product industries (summary).



Useful sites

http://agriculture.gouv.fr (health regulation)