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3. Waste
 

Preliminary details on waste

Context and challenges Waste is the inevitable price to pay for human activities. Households, industries, retailers, artisans or other economic activities produce waste. In France, the Environmental...

Plans

Waste management should be organised in the territory. A harmonious network of treatment installations should be organised in order to have sufficient disposal capacity and limit the unnecessary...

Waste management

In accordance with article L.541-2 of the environmental code, producers are responsible for the waste they produce. State council order of 13 July 2006, relative to the SMIR company, confirmed that...

Hazardous industrial waste

2Production / disposal2 Decree no. 2005-635 of 30 May 2005 sets the framework within which waste treatment processes are monitored. The new system, which came into force on 1st December 2005,...

Composting

Depending on its origin, organic waste can represent a significant fraction of waste. Its recovery is possible by composting, which is a natural biological technique of aerobic fermentation. This...

Waste drop-off centres

A waste drop-off centre is a place where individuals and, under certain conditions, artisans can bring some of their waste in compliance with sorting criteria, with a view to subsequent treatment...

Land spreading

2General land spreading conditions 2 Land spreading refers to any waste or wastewater application onto or into agricultural soil. Only waste or wastewater beneficial to the soil or crop nutrition can...

Recycling/recovery

Recovery covers all actions aimed at isolating and recovering the so-called “secondary” raw materials, or energy, from waste, referred to as material recovery or energy recovery. Prior to any...

Storage and pre-treatment

The chain of operations leading from the production of waste to its recovery or disposal is not a continuous chain; transition from one stage to the next, whether within the company, at the time of...

Waste storage

2Inert, non-hazardous or hazardous waste storage facilities2 3Inert waste storage3 3Non-hazardous waste storage3 Hazardous waste storage: Order of 30 December 2002 relative to hazardous waste...

Biological treatment

The biological treatment of waste involves the intervention of a range of micro-organisms to change the shape of waste or extract certain components. It mostly applies to waste containing a...

Physical-chemical treatment

The physical-chemical treatment of waste consists of transforming waste by means of methods using chemical reactions or physical separation processes. The choice of treatment process should be...

Thermal treatment

Waste to be incinerated is notably household and similar waste, sludge from wastewater treatment plants, healthcare waste and special industrial waste. Incineration facilities are permit-holding...

Collection and transport

In most cases, waste cannot be treated on the site of the industrial process that produces it; the same applies to waste storage. The specialisation of waste treatment (generally by process) and...

Asbestos waste

Context and challenges Asbestos has been used in numerous materials and products due to its acoustic, thermal insulation and heat-resistant properties. However, its effects on health have led to the...

Waste oils

Context and challenges Waste oils can be of mineral or synthetic origin, and are distinguished by their usage: black oils include engine oils and certain industrial oils (quenching oil, rolling...

Refrigerants

Context and challenges A refrigerant is a chemical compound which can be easily liquefied and in which the latent heat of vaporisation is used to produce cold. Discovered in the 1930s, CFCs...

Useful sites

ADEME Ministry’s website – waste section Waste legislation 2Asbestos:2 AIDA / Asbestos Ministry in charge of health / Asbestos Public health code 2Waste electrical and electronic equipment2 AIDA...