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7. Risks of accident
 

SEVESO sites

2The SEVESO directive and its origin2 The emotion caused by the accidental discharge of dioxin in the SEVESO town, Italy, in 1976 encouraged the member States to adopt a common policy in terms of...

PPRT: Technological risk prevention plan

Law no. 2003-699 of 30 July 2003 relative to technological and natural risk prevention and damage reparation specifies the establishment of technological risk prevention plans (PPRT). Their objective...

Fire hazard

2Definition and characteristics2 Fire is a self-sustained exothermic chemical reaction involving a combustible and a combustive (very often the oxygen in the air). It can only break out if there is a...

Explosive hazard

2Definition and characteristics2 There are two types of explosion: The first one is an explosion resulting from a high speed combustion (see “Fire hazard”), which can occur within an explosive...

Toxic hazard

2Definition and characteristics2 Toxic hazard is a difficult notion to understand. It relates to certain targets’ exposure to a hazard which corresponds with a cloud generated following accidental...

Pressure equipment (PE)

2What is pressure equipment?2 This term refers to all equipment designed to produce, manufacture, store or implement, under a pressure higher than atmospheric pressure, vapours or compressed,...

Hazardous substance pipe system

Context and challenges The total length of the French hazardous substance piping system is 50,000 km, breaking down as follows: 73% for natural gas, 19% for petroleum products (raw petroleum and...

Emergency plans

For Seveso AS sites, an Internal Operation Plan (POI) and Specific Response Plan (PPI) must be implemented to deal with a serious risk likely to result in a major accident. These two operational...

Incidents / Accidents

2Declaration obligation2 The operator must report accidents and incidents to the Inspectorate of classified installations as soon as possible. 2Role of the operator in case of incident or accident2...

Experience feedback

Experience feedback The vigilance and anticipation system involves experience feedback, i.e. the collection, analysis and sharing of information and lessons learned from accidents or incidents so...